Oral herpes is an infection caused by the herpes simplex virus, characterized by an eruption of small and usually painful blisters on the skin of the lips, mouth, gums or the skin around the mouth. These blisters are commonly called cold sores or fever blisters. Herpes labialis is an extremely common disease caused by infection of the mouth area with herpes simplex virus, most often type 1. Most Americans are infected with the type 1 virus by the age of The initial infection may cause no symptoms or mouth ulcers. The virus remains in the nerve tissue of the face. In some people, the virus reactivates and produces recurrent cold sores that are usually in the same area, but are not serious.
What is Oral Herpes?
There are two types of herpes: oral and genital. Symptoms can become apparent right away, or the virus can remain inactive for many years. Your first outbreak can range from mild to severe. Herpes is contagious. The American Sexual Health Association estimates that roughly half of all adults in the United States have oral herpes. Oral herpes is usually caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 HSV Not everyone has symptoms, but oral herpes can cause cold sores or blisters around the mouth. Oral herpes spreads when you come into contact with the virus that can be present in herpes lesions or saliva, or on the surfaces of the mouth. Transmission can happen during close contact, such as kissing or sharing personal items, such as lipstick or eating utensils.
Approximately 50 percent of the adult population in the United States has oral herpes, typically caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 HSV Most people contract oral herpes when they are children by receiving a kiss from a friend or relative. For some, symptoms may appear between the upper lip, on or inside the nose, or on the chin or cheek. In these instances, herpes is referred to as oral-facial herpes. You have most likely seen someone experiencing an oral herpes outbreak before. Oral herpes is transmitted through direct contact between the contagious area and broken skin a cut or break and mucous membrane tissue such as the mouth or genitals. Herpes can also be transmitted when there are no symptoms present.
Fifty percent to 80 percent of U. According to the National Institutes of Health, about 90 percent of adults have been exposed to the virus by age Once infected, a person will have herpes simplex virus for the rest of his or her life. When inactive, the virus lies dormant in a group of nerve cells.